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Yokohama Exotic Showcase 1989 (Yokahama): Takashimacho-gate Area | 1989 | Membrane | Japan

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General information
Location address Yokohama
Location country Japan
Year of construction 1989
Name of the client/building owner Foundation Yokahama Expo Society
Function of building Vehicle services
Climatic zone Temperate - cold winters and mild summers
Short description of the project Symbol of ExpoIn Yokahama Expo, four gates were set for several forms of transportation: railway lines, cable car and the bay-crossing seabus. The size of each gate was set according to the expected number of visitors. "Sakuragi-cho" and "Takashima-cho" gates were set at 50 x 30 m. Similarly, the gate for the Gondula line was set at 30 x 30 m, and the KD line gate was set at 15 x 15m. Around the gate shelters many services facilities were arranged. The gates were designed to create different scenes respectively and to be easily identifiable. From a distance, the gate integrated with illuminated towers appeared as guideposts for visitors and from a little closer view with more detail they appeared as floating clouds over entrances and exits.Since this Expo was open until late evening, the gate were designed to enhance mood even in the dark. Late comers viewed them as a huge shining clouds amongst rows of light.Prestressed Cable StructureMembrane structureing ideally expressed the desired image. It was best suited because of this and because of its constructability using common components for various sized gates. The style of the frae chosen was constructed by prestressed cables. Such a style differs from the suspension or rame types-these particular beams being composed of upper and lower chords with connecting diagonal members which prevent deformation.All chords are made from cable with supporting vertical compression poles which are made from steel pipes. The beams are intermittently positioned. By attaching the membrane material to upper chords and the top of the poles, it became possible to cover enormous areas reaching up to 50 m.The gates served not only as entrances and exits for visitors, but also as connecting passages to festival spaces and to the outside world. The designer aspired for the gates to assist in making incoming visitors thrill to the experience of entering with great expectations, and then to later leave with that lingering satisfaction and aftermath excitement. While harmonizing with the surrounding individualistic facilities, the gates have become successfully identified with an "ultimate" type of experience.[Membrane Structure in Japan, Kazuo Ishii, p 61]
Misc. project details
References Gate Shelter Yokohama Expo'89 - Membrane Structures in Japan
Membrane Design in Japan (1967-1990)
Duration of use
Temporary or permanent structure Temporary
Convertible or mobile Convertible
Design lifespan in years 00-05
Material of the cover
Cable-net/Textile/Hybrid/Foil Cable
Material Fabric/Foil Polyester
Material coating PVC
Main dimensions and form
Covered surface (m2) 1547
Total length (m) 47
Total width (m) 33
Involved companies
Architects G.K. Sekkei Associates
Engineers N. Inoue Structural Design
Editor
Editor Marijke Mollaert
 
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