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Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadium | 1992 | Hybrid | Germany


General information
Location address Mercedesstrasse Stuttgart
Location country Germany
Year of construction 1992
Name of the client/building owner City of Stuttgart
Function of building Stadia
Climatic zone Temperate - cold winters and mild summers
Short description of the project In August 1993 the Field and Track World Championships were held at the Gottlieb-Daimler Stadium in Stuttgart. For this event Schlaich and Bergermann together with the architects H. Siegel und Partner and Weidleplan were comissioned to design a roof to completely cover the grandstands. The task was challenging. Time and money were strictly limited, and it was required to interfere as little as possible with the continuied functioning of the sports venue. The site near the river was composed of poor soil, but the conventional response of driving piled foundations was ruled out because of concern over the purity of the groundwater supplying the famous mineral water wells in the locality. The partnership chose to use a spoked-wheel type of structure because it was ideally suited to the situation, being entirely self-contained from a structural point of view and thus transferring only vertical loads to the ground. As a result, only small spread footings were needed at the bases of the columns, and there was no need for back-stays or ties which would have required bulky anchor blocks or tension pile anchorages. The sparse structural system of masts and cables was economical and simply erected. Within 18 months, the partnership had designed the largest membrane roof in Europe and construction had been completed on budget and on time.The outer edge of the roof is elliptical in plan with main axes of 280 and 200 metres and consists of two steel box compression rings supported by 40 steel box columns. The rings undulate in elevation to follow the varying heights of the grandstands. A steel-cable tension ring is suspended above the inner edges of the grandstands with 40 radial cable-girders stressed like spokes between the inner tension ring and the outer compression rings.The cable-girders consist of upper and lower cables which are connected and prestressed against each other by vertical suspender cables. The tension in the upper cables increases under snow load, while that in the lower cables increases under wind suction (uplift). The width of the roof between the outer and the inner rings is a constant 58 metres. The roof is divided into 40 panels, each bounded by two adjacent lower radial cables, the lower compression ring, and the inner cable. The total area of membrane is 34000 square metres. Each panel is supported by seven parallel tied arches running in the circumferential direction and spanning between the lower cables of adjacent cable-girders.The columns and compression rings were first erected with the aid of cranes. The tension cable ring, consisting of eight locked coil ropes, was then laid out on the ground in the stadium and lifted into position using the (extended) radial cables of the cable girders. The tied arches could then be installed and the membrane laid over them. No temporary supports were needed for this process and there was no interruption to the scheduled sports activities in the stadium.
Misc. project details
References Die Membranüberdachung für das Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion - Bergermann R., Goppert K., Schlaich J. - Bauingenieur 70/1955
Stadium in Stuttgart, Stahlbau-Konstruktionen - DETAIL 1994/6
Am Neckar -
The new Cable-membrane Structure for the Neckarstadium Roof in Stuttgart - Bergermann R. - IASS'93
The Art of Structural Engineering: The Work of Jörg Schlaich and his Team
Teil 9/21: Stadiondach Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart - Grimm F. - Stahlbau Im Detail
Projects / References: Gottlieb-Daimler Stadium Stuttgart - Pfeifer Seilbauwerke / Cable Structures
Gottlieb-Daimler Stadium -
Duration of use
Temporary or permanent structure Permanent
Design lifespan in years 11-20
Material of the cover
Cable-net/Textile/Hybrid/Foil Hybrid
Material Fabric/Foil Polyester/flourpolym
Material coating PVC
Main dimensions and form
Covered surface (m2) 34000
Total length (m) 58
Involved companies
Architects Schlaich, Bergermann and Partners
Siegel und Partner
Engineers Schlaich, Bergermann and Partners
Contractors Koit High-Tex GmbH
Contact persons Goppert K.
Editor Marijke Mollaert
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